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Social Defence Programmes

A brief description of the major programmes and schemes for Social Defence are given below:

Scheme / Component

Brief Description

Eligibility / Target Beneficiary

Implementation of the Juvenile Justice (Care And Protection Of Children) Act, 2000 and Amendment 2006

The Central Act has come in to force with effect from 1st April 2001.

The objective of the Act is to make effective provision in law for juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, by providing care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs, and by adopting a child-friendly approach in the adjudication and disposition of matters in the best interest of children, for their ultimate rehabilitation through various institutions established under this Act.

Children in conflict with the law and children in need of care and protection

Observation Homes

Children in conflict with law under the purview of Indian Penal Code and other legislations are admitted in the observation homes

Children in conflict with law

Children Homes

Children's Homes are meant for the reception of children in need of care and protection during the pendency of any inquiry. Children in need of care and protection are produced before the Child Welfare Committees and admitted to these homes. The Homes provide accommodation, Food, clothing and bedding and facilities for education, recreation, training and rehabilitation.

Children in need of care and protection

Fit institutions

Voluntary organizations have been recognized as fit institutions for providing care and protection to destitute, orphaned children.

Orphaned children.

Special Juvenile Police Units

Senior Child Welfare Officers of the rank of Police Inspector are identified at the district level. One or two police officers of the rank of ASI have been identified as Child Welfare Officers in each police station to take care of children coming under the purview of the juvenile justice system


Implementation of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2006

Effective protection of rights of women guaranteed under the Constitution

To provide free legal aid, shelter and counselling to victims of domestic violence

Legal, medical and other aid through Karnataka Legal Services Authority and NGOs

Act has been implemented in Karnataka from June-2007

Women who are victims of domestic violence

Implementation of the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956

The salient features of the Act are punishment for keeping a brothel or allowing premises to be used as brothel, living on the earnings of prostitution, procuring a person for prostitution, for a person for immoral purpose, for prostitution in the vicinity of public place, for seducing or soliciting for prostitution and for custodial seduction

Women and children who are victims of prostitution

Reception Centres and State Homes under Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956

These centres receive women and girls who are in need of care and shelter as voluntary cases and those sent by the courts under the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act for training and future rehabilitation.

There are 4 Reception Centres and 8 State homes in the State.

Women in need of care under IT(P) Act

Implementation of the Probation Of Offenders Act, 1958

The department is the nodal agency for the implementation of this central Act in the state.

Offenders are kept under probation of good conduct. There is one Probation Officer in each district who conducts enquiries in respect of cases on juvenile delinquency, cases entrusted by the Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committees and also cases under Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act.

First time offenders below 21 years of age

After Care homes for men

The After care homes for men admit children discharged from Children's Homes for boys and are encouraged to pursue their education in Colleges, ITIs, Polytechnics

Boys transferred from Children’s homes at the age of 18

Skill Development training programme

Training is provided by reputed training centres, or in training programmes conducted in the premises of the institutions itself. Training in cycle repair, mobile repair, auto mobile repair, plumbing, bar bending, hair cutting, computer training, agarbathi and agarbathi tube making, driving, food conservation, leather bag making, beautician, tailoring, home nursing, zari work, ready made garments.

Women and children of correctional institutions

Child line – 24 hour toll free Help line for Children (GoI)

It aims to create a Child Protection network to reach every child in distress and in need of care and protection. It can be accessed by any child or adult on behalf of any child to avail the service in emergency situations by dialling City 1098. Childline services are provided through identified NGO’s and are functioning in Bangalore, Mangalore and Gulbarga. In addition child line services have been started in 5 more districts i.e. Shimoga, Davanagere, Bidar, Mysore and Dharwad during 2009-10.

Any child in need of care and protection


The scheme aims to promote in-country adoption and to prevent illegal adoption of children. It provides institutional care and protection of infants and children up to 6 years of age who are either abandoned or orphaned/destitute. Grant in aid is provided by Government of India for running Shishu Gruhas by the department.

Orphaned/ Abandoned children

State Adoption Cell

An Adoption Cell is functioning in the Directorate and a State level Advisory Committee has been constituted to monitor and implement the various adoption related activities in the state.

There is one Adoption Co-ordinating Agency (ACA) in the State to co-ordinate all adoption-related activities and to identify and promote adoption of children who are legally free for adoption. Karnataka State Council for Child Welfare is the Scrutiny Agency which scrutinizes and processes applications for adoption.

Orphaned/ Abandoned children

Sponsorship Programme for placing children in families

Children and enable parents to bring up their children in a family environment

Children whose parents annual income is below 24,000/- All children below 18 yrs.

Implementation of the Orphanages And Other Charitable Homes (Supervision And Control) Act, 1960

The salient requirements of this Act are to fix minimum standards for orphanages and other Children's homes run by voluntary organisations with reference to conditions regarding boarding, lodging, clothing, sanitation, health, hygiene and also regarding facilities provided for the education and training of the inmates, grant certificate of recognition for those orphanages who fulfil the requirements and monitor the performance of all the orphanages and other children's homes run by voluntary organisations and to revoke the certificate when situation warrant.

Orphans, Destitute children

Implementation of Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006

The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act was brought into force in Karnataka on 1.10.2007 and the State Rules were notified on 6.2.2008. An act to prohibit child marriages, protect and provide relief to victims and enhance punishment for those who abet, pronote or solemnize such marriages .

Girls below 18 years of age and boys below 21 years of age

Implementation of the Karnataka Marriage (Registration and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1976

Karnataka Marriage ( Registration and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act,1976 was brought into force in Karnataka on 1.4.2004 to provide for registrations of marriages and certin other matters concerned therewith. The State rules were notified on 18.4.2006.The Inspector General of Registration and Commissioner of stamps is notified as Chief Marriage Regisration officer. The Sub-Registrars of the Stamps and Registration Department and Village Accountants of the Revenue Departments have been notified as Marriage Registration officers in thrir respective jurisdiction.


Scheme For Combating Trafficking Of Women And Children

This scheme was launched in 2006-07 aims to combat trafficking of women and children at local level.

It aims at sensitising community regarding the issue of trafficking through grass root level training and awareness programmes through jathas, rallies, street plays

Anti-trafficking Committees have been constituted at , district , taluk and grama panchayat level to take necessary measures for prevention, rescue, care protection and rehabilitation to the victims of trafficking

Trafficked victims





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